Baler is a piece of agricultural equipment used to harvest hay. Hay mainly includes grasses and other plants called pods. Grass, alfalfa, and clover are common hay crops. These products, used as animal feed, are cut with a mowing machine when they are about 18 inches (46 cm) tall and still green. A hayrake is used to turn the hay over so that the windrow can dry completely.
The baler in design in such a way that, it gathers the cut hay from the windrow and presses it into a square- or round-shaped bales for easy transport and storage.
Most hay is stored as bales, with small square bales weighing 18-32 kg and large round bales weighing 750-2,000 pounds.
As we are aware of the use of Small bales it should be protected from rain and snow in a dry place such as a barn or hay shed.
History of Baler Machine
Baler comes in existence during During the 1800s and early 1900s, that time farming was changing dramatically with the introduction of many new farm machines. Until that particular time, hay had been stored loose in the upper story of the barn, or “haymow,” where it took up considerable space. By compressing the hay, or baling it, more hay could be stored in the same amount of space.
As per the fact, first balers was powered by horses walking on an inclined treadmill. As the leather and wood treadmill belt moved with each step of the horse, it turned a shaft that operated a chain drive. The chain drive, through a variety of sprockets, drove a plunger into the baler, which compressed the hay. Hay was hauled to the baler from the field in wagons and then forked into the bale chamber by hand.
Wooden charges were dropped into the chamber when the bale reached the right size. Wire or twine was then attached around the bale and tied by hand. As technology improved, the steam traction engine replaced by a horse, and the internal combustion tractor eventually replaced by the steam engine. As time increased around the 1930s, balers were used to attach with tractors, and they automatically picked up hay from the ground.
Slowly and gradually due to improvement hydraulics allowed the introduction of the large round baler in the late 1960s. Companies such as Fieldking, Shaktiman, John Deere, New Holland, and Hesston have continually refined the baler into a modern Agriculture machine.
Key Features of Baler
- A baler is an agriculture machine designed to collect and compress grass, hay or straw into bales.
- The large diameter of the feeder and its specially bent prongs guarantee continuous and clean pick-up at high operation speed.
- Slip clutch and shear bolt to secure the baler transmission under difficult operating conditions and high loads.
- Adjustable length of the bales can be adjusted in the range of 0.3 up to 1.3 m.
- For Correct hitching adjustable drawbar are there.