In the present stressful environment, people seek out to the experiences which make them feel happy and relax. Those experiences could be talking you a friend, going out for shopping, having a glass of beer or taking doses of a drug. But when these experiences become a state of mind where mind focuses on following them despite their harmful consequences then it leads to addiction. An addict has a lack of self-control. He wants to abstain, but could not resist the temptation.
Addiction is a state of mind where mind’s dependence on substances or behaviors is uncontrollable which in turn limits an individual’s thought process and diminishes the quality of life.
Cause of Addiction
Addiction is caused by a combination of behavioral, biological and environmental factors. Medically, addiction is caused when the human brain releases certain chemicals that trigger the feeling of pleasure. These chemicals mimic the action of the brain’s natural pleasure chemicals but don’t activate the brain to respond in a natural manner as its natural chemical messengers do. Consequently, it motivates the patient to repeat the pleasurable experience and leads to addiction of that experience. Psychological cause of addiction is people’s beliefs and thoughts. Our thoughts and beliefs create feelings which in turn determine our behavior. If our feelings are unrealistic, our behaviour will be reflected in a similar sense.
Categories of addiction
Broadly, addiction can be categorised in two categories- Behavioural addiction and substance addiction. While most of us are familiar with substance addiction like alcohol and drug addiction, behavioral addiction is somewhat treated as taboo. And to deal with behavioural addiction, comes the role of mental health counselling.
How Mental Health Counselling helps to deal with Addiction
The decision to speak out about ones’ behavioural issues is not easy and it mandates a high degree of trust between the speaker and the listener. Psychologists and online counselling platforms like BetterLYF Wellness provide confidential medium to help people deal with their behavioural changes. Psychologists have developed certain techniques that help people sort out their problems and manage life without addiction.